You have been using Backtrack first and Kali Linux after, now reaching version 2 (codename “sana”) and you love it, don’t you? Yeah, everybody does. We’ve seen a huge increase in the adoption of this distro by security professionals, geeks and wannabies. The number of tools increased year by year and and so did its stability. Backtrack was Ubuntu based, a fixed distro and as such, you had to reinstall from scratch at any new major release. It was exciting to see the new improvements, but certainly less exciting was backing up your important data, downloading and burning a new ISO, formatting the partition and reinstalling the distro. It represented a waste of time and a disruption of your workflow, especially if you aren’t just a geek but you actually have to work with it. The last version of Backtrack was Backtrack 5 R3 released on 13th August 2012, then it was substituted by Kali linux, a Debian based pentesting distro that made its first appearance on 13th March 2013. At first Kali linux 1.0 was a bit unstable, as a result of this, many people kept using Backtrack for a while or looked for other alternatives like Backbox linux for example (or their custom distro), anyway after some time bugs were fixed, stability improved and Kali 2.0 looked gorgeous with its new tools’ organization, its brand new design and its native support for KDE, GNOME3, Xfce, MATE, e17, lxde and i3wm. Today 21st January 2016 marks another important milestone for Kali linux: the release of Kali linux 2016.1 and the transition to a true rolling system.
KALI ROLLING VS STANDARD RELEASES
Kali switched to a rolling release model with version 2.0 anyway the functionality was restricted to those brave users who changed their source.list file to include the kali-rolling repository. Most of users continued using a semi-rolling distro with packages that cycled through the usual lifecycle of new (edge, testing, unstable), mainstream and stable (but outdated) packages. Starting with Kali linux 2016.1 you finally can get new updated packages fast without having to wait ages or using particular repositories. Every time a new tool is updated, it’s tracked, packaged, tested and released within 24-48 hours by the Kali dev team. The new rolling system has been tested over a period of 5 months and it appears to be stable, so I advise you to start using it NOW!
HOW TO UPDATE TO KALI LINUX 2016.1
- backup your data, download and burn the new ISO from here, format the partition and do a fresh install of the new distro
- open a terminal window as root and issue the following commands:
cat << EOF > /etc/apt/sources.list deb http://http.kali.org/kali kali-rolling main non-free contrib EOF apt-get update apt-get dist-upgrade # get a coffee, or 10. reboot
Please note that the sana repository EOL is planned to be on 15th April 2016. After that date there won’t be future updates, so it is advisable to migrate to Kali linux 2016.1 as soon as possible.
NEWS FOR VMWARE USERS
As of Sept 2015, VMware recommends using the distribution-specific open-vm-tools instead of the VMware Tools package for guest machines. Kali linux was tested and works correctly with open-vm-tools.
To install them, simply open a new terminal window as root and issue the following commands:
apt-get update apt-get install open-vm-tools-desktop fuse reboot
Author: Fabio Baroni Date: 2016-01-21 20:27:24